7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry


7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)

7th Infantry Battalion [also called Enfield Rifles] was organized in January, 1862, with eight companies. Some of the men were recruited in Kershaw County. It served in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and was active at Pocotaligo and in the Charleston area. Assigned to Hagood's Brigade.


The battalion moved to Virginia in the spring of 1864.
It was active at Drewry's Bluff.
Involved at Cold Harbor and in the long Petersburg siege.
It ended the war in North Carolina.

This unit lost 7 killed and 37 wounded at Pocotaligo, had 3 killed, and 11 wounded at Battery Wagner, and 1 wounded at Deep Bottom. On April 26, 1865, it surrendered. Lieutenant Colonels Patrick H. Nelson and James H. Rion, and Major Lovick W.R. Blair were in command. disease. Total 326.